My dog training focus is all about communication in both directions, meaning it’s as important for you to understand your dog’s rich language (the “words” formed by ears, tails, rumps, etc.) as it is for him or her to understand you. I found an excellent article from Modern Dog Magazine that covers the basics:
In humans, we send body language signals without even thinking about them, and we read them accurately through long experience and a certain amount of innate knowledge. Although there are some cultural differences in how body language is spoken around the world, for the most part, we have a base language that we all share. Tense people tend to be rigid in their movements, nervous people tend to move quickly and with jerky movements, and relaxed people tend to move fluidly and gracefully.
How often do you watch your dog and read him just as well? Dogs have a rich body language that they use to great effect. We can eavesdrop on what a dog is telling you by knowing a little bit about how dogs behave when they are relaxed, happy, nervous, frustrated or angry.
Read the entire article here